Racha

Climb the mountain Khomli – free Prometheus

Not only its geographic location but also rich, diverse flora and fauna determine the uniqueness of Racha. Guests are astonished by the mountainous area, grey apexes of Caucasus and Passes, rivers and waterfalls, huge forest massive and the animals-birds spread over, natural caves and grottos, passes, Alp grasslands-pastures, most beautiful road-paths, Shaori and Lajani water reservoirs.

Racha – Rachais a highland area in western Georgia, located in the upper Rioni river valley and hemmed in by the Greater Caucasus mountains. Under Georgia’s current subdivision, Racha is included in the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region as the municipalities of Oni and Ambrolauri.

Racha occupies 2,854 km2 in the north-eastern corner of western Georgia. Spurs of the Greater Caucasus crest separates Racha from the Georgian historical regions of Svaneti and Lechkhumi on the north-west and from Imereti on the south, while the main Caucasus ridge forms a boundary with Russia’s North Ossetia. On the east, Racha is bordered by breakaway South Ossetia, officially part of Georgia’s Shida Kartli region.

History – Racha had been part of Colchis and Caucasian Iberia since ancient times and its main town Oni was said to have been founded by King Parnajom of Iberia in the 2nd century BC. Upon creation of the unified Georgian kingdom in the 11th century, Racha became one of the duchies (saeristavo) within it. Rati of the Baghvashi family was the first duke (eristavi) appointed by King Bagrat III. Descendants of Rati and his son Kakhaber, eponymous father of Racha’s ruling dynasty of Kakhaberisdze, governed the province until 1278. In 1278 King David VI Narin abolished the duchy during his war against the Mongols. In the mid-14th century, the duchy was restored under the rule of the Charelidze family.

The next dynasty of Chkhetidze governed Racha from 1465 to 1769. Vassals of the King of Imereti, they revolted several times against the royal power. The 1678–1679 civil war resulted in the most serious consequences. In this war, Duke Shoshita II of Racha (1661–1684) supported Prince Archil, a rival of the pro-Ottoman Imeretian king Bagrat IV. On the defeat of Archil, Racha was overrun and plundered by an Ottoman punitive force. Under Rostom (1749–1769), the duchy became virtually independent from Imereti. However, towards the end of 1769, King Solomon I of Imereti managed to arrest Rostom and to abolish the duchy. In 1784, King David II of Imereti revived the duchy and gave it to his nephew Anton. Local opposition attempted to use an Ottoman force to take control of Racha, but the victory of King David at Skhvava (January 26, 1786) temporarily secured his dominance in the area. In 1789, the next Imeretian king Solomon II finally abolished the duchy and subordinated the province directly to the royal administration.

What to visit

Nikortsminda

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(X century) – Nikortsminda Temple is the masterpiece of national architecture. Monument had not experienced great changes during its existence. This happens rather seldom. The dome of the temple has been kept in its primary form. The complex design of the temple dates back to XVI-XVII centuries. Since October 24th 2007 Nikortsminda Monastery is inluced in the test list of World Inheritance of UNESCO.

Barakoni

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(XVIII century) – this most beautiful monument makes guests and visitors astonished with its glory and beauty. No one expects that in such mountains will ever see the temple similar to Svetitskhoveli.

Khomli

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(same Khomli) – legendary mountain in Racha on 2002 meters from sea level. From old historic, ancient sources it is found out that Khvamli the same Khomli is considered as the mystic place for Argonauts and Heracles, legendary heroes from Greek myths who travelled there.  Mountain to which Zeus ordered to chain Prometheus and who further was freed by Heracles. The information about mountain Khomli is in the history of Georgia according to which the jewelry of Georgian Kingdom was kept in the caves of mountain Khomli. This jewelry should have been used for the country in misfortune.

Shaori lake

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the largest and most beautiful water reservoir in the village of Nikortsminda is very popular among those who are fond of backpacking and fishing.  It occupies the area of 9.2 sq.km. The volume of the water is 90.6 mln cubic meters. It is fed by tributaries and sediments which come to the surface (1500 mm per year). The cave is built with lower chalk carbonate rocks, where relevant processes are well developed.