Oldest villages in mountain - where there smells for freedom
Pshav-Khevsureti distinguished for its special poetry and traditions of mountain is one of the most beautiful regional parties located on the Mountains of Caucasus. Here you may see old settlements, mountains with natural lakes, most beautiful ravines and river Aragvi, which is popular seasonally among those who are fond of rafting.
Khevsureti – is a historical-ethnographic region in eastern Georgia. They are the branch of Kartvelian (Georgian) people located along both the northern (Pirikita khevsureti) and southern (Piraketa khevsureti) slopes of the Great Caucasus Mountains.
History – The territory of Khevsureti, together with the neighboring area of Pshavi, was known to medieval writers under the joint designation Pkhovi. Chronicler Leonti Mroveli mentions that after the conversion of the King Mirian III of Iberia and the Queen Nana into Christianity in the early 4th century, St. Nino continued to preach among Georgian highlanders (mtiulni) including Pkhovi.
Medieval Georgia was never able to establish a typical feudal system. The civil code of the community remained based on the ancient traditions and values. Children of the noble families and lords were brought up by the families of peasants (glekhi) who were known for their wisdom and human qualities. These people introduced youth to their culture, history, traditions and all aspects of human knowledge and experiences based on Christian Orthodox values. (See Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church)
Historically, Georgian highlander communities enjoyed a degree of autonomy. Khevsurs never accepted local lords; they elected their leaders or Khevisberi (elder) and council of elders and submitted themselves only to the monarch (see List of the Kings of Georgia). They were exceptional warriors with traditional Georgian qualities of courage, openness and honesty, fraternity, independence and love of freedom,who were often promoted as royal bodyguards. Kings regarded them as reliable guardians of the Caucasus Mountains and the northern border of the kingdom. In the battles Khevsurs wore flags adorned with crosses and considered themselves permanent members of the army of the sacred flags and guardians of Georgian Kings.
What to visit
one of the most brilliant, unique monuments of Georgian Construction Art. The village on the rock is simultaneously residential as well as fortress; during centuries it served as guard to the North transitions of Georgia. Across the edges of village there is row of house-fortresses and joint, inaccessible protective wall, which reliably locks the villages. The only narrow road passing in the Arguni Ravine connects Shatili to outer world. Since October 24th 2007, Shatili is included in the test list of world inheritance of UNESCO.
the lakes of glacier origin from 2812 meter from sea level. According to their natural colors lakes are named white, green and blue. There is no traffic leading to lake, that’s why for its visiting it is necessary to pass the campaign road. The wonderful natural monuments make walking tours even more interesting.
One of the samples of house-fortress of Middle Ages is five storey tower, the floors of which from inside are connected to one another with flexible wooden stairs.
village, historic guard and protector of Khevsureti entrance. At about 40 fortified domestic type houses of Middle Ages are located in the village. Today there are four battle type fortress-towers and several residential ruins are kept, including legendary tower and fortress of Torgva.