Batumi City – visit the pearl of Black Sea
Land from which the apostles of Christ spread the Christianity in Georgia in I Century. This wonderful regional part is located in the Black Sea shoreline in the part of South-West part of Georgia. Here the city of Batumi, named as the pearl of Black Sea is situated.
City of Batumi is the one of the distinguished places of touristic meaning in the region of Black Sea. With its old or new architectural buildings, oldest harbor, botanic garden and seaport boulevard, European stations and streets, world brand high class hotels and picturesque cafes, Batumi is the best type of modern Georgia.
In hot summer days in parallel with active rest you may visit mountainous Adjara, feel the coolness of Black Sea and have completely relax seeing beautiful nature.
Adjara – officially known as the Autonomous Republic of Adjara is a historical, geographic and political-administrative region of Georgia. Located in the country’s southwestern corner, Adjara lies on the coast of the Black Sea near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, north of Turkey. It is an important tourist destination and includes Georgia’s second-largest city of Batumi as its capital. About 350,000 people live on its 2,880 km2.
History – Adjara has been part of Colchis and Caucasian Iberia since ancient times. Colonized by Greeks in the 5th century BC, the region fell under Rome in the 2nd century BC. It became part of the Lazica before being incorporated into the Kingdom of Abkhazia in the 8th century AD, the latter led unification of Georgian monarchy in the 11th century.
The Ottomans conquered the area in 1614. The people of Adjara gradually converted to Islam in this period. The Ottomans were forced to cede Adjara to the expanding Russian Empire in 1878.
After a temporary occupation by Turkish and British troops in 1918–1920, Adjara became part of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1920. After a brief military conflict in March 1921, Ankara’s government ceded the territory to Georgia under Article VI of Treaty of Kars on the condition that autonomy be provided for the Muslim population. The Soviet Union established the Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1921 in accord with this clause. Thus, Adjara was still a component part of Georgia, but with considerable local autonomy.
Climate – Adjara is well known for its humid climate (especially along the coastal regions) and prolonged rainy weather, although there is plentiful sunshine during the spring and summer months. Adjara receives the highest amounts of precipitation both in Georgia and in the Caucasus. It is also one of the wettest temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. No region along Adjara’s coast receives less than 2,200 mm (86.6 in) of precipitation per year. The west-facing (windward) slopes of the Meskheti Range receive upwards of 4,500 mm (177.2 in) of precipitation per year. The coastal lowlands receive most of the precipitation in the form of rain (due to the area’s subtropical climate). September and October are usually the wettest months. Batumi’s average monthly rainfall for the month of September is 410 mm (16.14 in). The interior parts of Adjara are considerably drier than the coastal mountains and lowlands. Winter usually brings significant snowfall to the higher regions of Adjara, where snowfall often reaches several meters. Average summer temperatures are between 22–24 degrees Celsius in the lowland areas and 17–21 degrees Celsius in the highlands. The highest areas of Adjara have lower temperatures. Average winter temperatures are between 4–6 degrees Celsius along the coast while the interior areas and mountains average around -3–2 degrees Celsius. Some of the highest mountains of Adjara have average winter temperatures of -8–(-7) degrees Celsius.
What to visit
Batumi, a Black Sea resort and port city, is the capital of the Georgian republic of Adjara. Batumi Boulevard encompasses a waterfront promenade with a park and beach. The 130m-high Alphabetic Tower, adorned with Georgian script, has a seaside observation deck. The old town district is lined with renovated 19th-century buildings. North of the city, Batumi Botanical Garden showcases flora from around the world.
one of the richest botanic gardens in the world has been created in 1912 by Andrei Krasnov, who is the well-known classic of botanic and physical geography. The florist wealth of garden is represented in nine departments cultivated on 111 hectares. These are: humid subtropical departments of East Asia, North America, New Zealand, South America, Himalaya, Mexico, Australia, Mediterranean Sea and Transcaucasia. You may walk through Botanic garden as well as use special excursion electric-mobiles.
Fortress of Gonio
One of the oldest fortresses of Georgia is located in 12 km from Batumi, south part. As a result of archaeological excavations lots of materials dated Roman eras have been found on the territory of fortress. The history of Gonio-Apsarosi is related to the myth about Argonauts. It is known that exactly here King Ayeti buried his son Apsarosi who was killed by escaped Jason. According to some sources, here also Matata – one of the apostles from 12 of Christ is buried. Museum is functioning on the territory of Gonio Fortress.
Fortress of Petra
The ruins of historic city-fortress are notices on the territory of village Tsikhisdziri, which dates VI Century A.D. This territory historically was the settlement for Lazebi – one of Georgian tribes. Due to unique military-strategic and commercial-economic location the Emperor of Byzantium, Justinian has built city here. The most important overland road lied on the territory of city which united West Georgia, provinces of Byzzantium, Iran and Armenia with one another. The navigation was also well developed.
name Mtirala in Georgian means “weeper.” During the whole year here come 4520 mm of sediments, which makes Mtirala the wettest place of the country. Name “weeper” also is given to this mountain due to its abundant amount of sediments. Mountain of Mtirala is located between the Black Sea and Mountainous System of Adjara. Territory of Mtirala is constructed with volcanic-sedimentary rocks. Park is characterized with diverse flora and fauna. There are tourist routes for those who are fond of campaigns and shelters for tourists.